Implant Supported Denture
Securing Dentures with Dental Implants
In the old days, missing teeth would have only been replaced with a partial denture or full denture. Recently, implant supported dentures come as the first choice for teeth replacement.
What is an implant supported denture?
An implant supported denture (also called implant denture, overdenture or implant overdenture) is secured by two or more dental implants and is very different from those dentures used by your parents or grandparents.
A conventional full denture simply rests on the gum. It often needs a mild adhesive for retention. A conventional partial denture rests on the gum but is also held to the teeth by attachments called clasps. Implant supported dentures are held in place by dental implants (titanium roots) anchored in the jaw. Simply, the implant denture is snapped in for a secure fit and snapped out for easy cleaning and care.
An implant supported denture has many advantages. First, the implants stimulate the jawbone and prevent it from shrinking. Therefore, they preserve the jawbone and appearance of the face. Second, the implants provide a better foundation to support the denture and securely hold it in place. This is particularly useful in the lower jaw where bone is not enough to hold conventional dentures. Finally, implant dentures significantly increase chewing strength compared to conventional dentures.
There are many alternatives for implant supported dentures (overdentures):
Bar-retained dentures: A full denture is retained by a metal bar that is attached to two to five implants. The implant denture fits over the bar and is securely clipped into place.
Ball-retained denture:A full denture is retained by attachments that connect to the implants. Each implant has a ball-shaped ("male" attachment) that fits into a socket ("female" attachment) on the denture.
Mini implant retained denture: A full denture or a partial denture is retained by attachments that connect to small diameter implants called mini implants. Mini implants provide the least cost for implant dentures. They are particularly useful where bone is not enough to accommodate standard size implants.
The type of implant supported denture you need is determined based on bone availability, general health and cost. Dr. Elseweifi will examine you and discuss all options.